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In the mid‑20th century, the city was the setting for the musical play and film The Sound of Music.Traces of human settlements have been found in the area, dating to the Neolithic Age.
The Festung Hohensalzburg, the city's fortress, was built in 1077 by Archbishop Gebhard, who made it his residence.
Salzburg was the seat of the Archbishopric of Salzburg, a prince-bishopric of the Holy Roman Empire.
As the reformation movement gained steam, riots broke out among peasants in the areas in and around Salzburg.
; literally: "Salt Fortress") is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of the federal state of Salzburg.
Salzburg's "Old Town" (Altstadt) is internationally renowned for its baroque architecture and is one of the best-preserved city centers north of the Alps.